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Glossary

12 Step:  A twelve step program is a set of guiding principles outlining a course of action for recovery from addiction, compulsion, or other behavioral problems. Originally proposed by Alcoholics Anonymous, (AA), as a method of recovery from alcoholism. The method was then adapted and became the foundation of other twelve step programs such as Narcotics Anonymous, Overeaters Anonymous, Debtors Anonymous, and more. The process involves: admitting  that one cannot control one’s addiction or compulsion, recognizing a greater power that can give strength, examining past errors with the help of a sponsor, making amends for these errors, learning to live a new life with a new code of behavior, and helping others that suffer from the same addictions or compulsions.

Alcoholics Anonymous (AA): A voluntary self help group concerned with the recovery and continued sobriety of the alcoholic who turns to the organization for help. The AA program consists basically of Twelve Steps designed for the personal recovery from alcoholism, and AA is the major proponent of the disease model of alcoholism.

Acudetox (Auricular detoxification): Acudetox involves the gentle placement of five small, sterilized, disposable stainless steel needles in soecific sites on each ear of a client undergoing treatment. The recipients sit quietly in a group setting for 30-45 minutes. Acudetox is not a stand-alone treatment. Experience with continued use of the protocol in a variety of settings worldwide since the mid-1970's confirms that the integration of acudetox into addictions and behavioral health treatment programs generally improves client retention, client and staff satisfaction, and program outcomes.

Benefits of the Five Needle Protocol: 

    • Acudetox has been shown to significantly decrease cravings for alcohol and drugs, withdrawal symptoms, relapse episodes, anxiety, insomnia, and agitation.

    • Acudetox often helps participants become relaxed and more comfortable with their own thoughts, enabling them to experience a sense of 'letting go" of tensions and apprehensions, and supporting quiet participation in a group setting with others who are involved in the process of recovery.

    • Acudetox facilitates relationships with self and others.

    • Acudetox is effective regardless of the client's level of motivation and tends to increase the client's readiness and willingness to participate in treatment.

    • Acudetox improves the effectiveness of other program components.

Addiction: The medical definition of addiction has seven criteria. This definition is based on the criteria of American Psychiatric Association (DSM-IV) and the World Health Organization.

Tolerance. Has your use of drugs or alcohol increased over time?

Withdrawal. When you stop using, have you ever experienced physical or emotional withdrawal? Have you had any of the following symptoms: irritability, anxiety, shakes, sweats, nausea, or vomiting?

Difficulty controlling use. Do you sometimes use more or for a longer time than you would like? Do you sometimes drink to get drunk? Do you stop after a few drinks, or does one drink lead to more?

Negative consequences. Have you continued to use even though there have been negative consequences to your mood, self-esteem, health, job, or family?

Putting off or neglecting activities. Have you ever put off or reduced social, recreational, work or household activities because of your use?

Spending significant time or emotional enrgy. Have you spent a significant amount of time obtaining, using, concealing, planning, or recovering from your use? Have you spent a lot of time thinking about using? Have you ever concealed or minimized your use? Have you ever thought of schemes to avoid getting caught?

Desire to cut down. Have you sometimes thought about cutting down or controlling your use? Have you ever made unsuccessful attempts to cut down or control your use?

Addiction Counselors: work with PRC clients who have problems with drug and alcohol addiction. . PRC Addictions Counselors assist clients through one-on-one, group therapy and family sessions when needed. They may also make referrals to psychiatrists, psychologists and doctors when in their best interest of the client. PRC Addiction Counselors are licensed by The Maryland Board of Professional Counselors and Therapists and specialize in substance abuse only.

Addictionologist: An addictionologist is a medical doctor that has earned a specialized certification from the American Society of Addiction medicine. A physician who specializes in the treatment of addiction remains current on new treatments available to clients.

Alcoholism: Alcoholism is a disease that is characterized by a strong need or compulsion to drink.  A physical dependence and the frequent inability to stop drinking once started. The occurrence of withdrawal symptoms such as, nausea, sweating, shakiness, and anxiety when alcohol use is stopped after a period of drinking. Tolerance or the need for increasing amounts of alcohol in order to get “high.”

Aromatherapy: Aromatherapy is the practice of using plant oils, including essential oils, for psychological and physical well-being. Essential oils, the pure essence of a plant, have been found to provide both psychological and physical benefits when used correctly and safely. Essential oils that are inhaled into the lungs offer both psychological and physical benefits. Not only does the aroma of the natural essential oil stimulate the brain to trigger a reaction, but when inhaled into the lungs, the natural constituents (naturally occurring chemicals) can supply therapeutic benefit.

Clinical Program Assistant (CPA): These around the clock staff members perform a variety of duties, including supervising client activity during non-treatment hours, reviewing rules, taking role, serving as a liaison between clients and Clinical staff, as well as being a valuable resource for client questions related to recovery and treatment.

Continuing Care Plan: Upon leaving Phoenix Recovery Center, the client and counselor discuss and develop plans for ongoing treatment (outpatient, ½ way housing, physical or mental health, etc.). Clients are more apt to follow through with something that is established before they leave.

Denial: The thought process in which a person does not believe he or she has a problem, despite strong evidence to the contrary. It is a way of protecting oneself from painful thoughts or feelings.

Detox protocol: Detox or detoxification protocol means a plan for ridding the body of the toxic effects of alcohol or drugs. Medical intervention is the first step of the detox protocol. Whether or not drugs are prescribed to alleviate symptoms, close monitoring of the client going through detox is required.

Detoxification (or "Detox"): A process that helps the body rid itself of substances while the symptoms of withdrawal are treated. It is often a first step in a substance abuse treatment program.

Drug Addiction: Drug addiction is a complex brain disease. It is characterized by compulsive, at times uncontrollable, drug craving, seeking, and use that persist even in the face of extremely negative consequences. Drug seeking becomes compulsive, in a large part as a result of the effects of prolonged drug use on brain functioning and, thus on behavior. For many people, drug addiction becomes chronic, with relapse possible even after long periods of abstinence.

Experiential Group: Helps through role playing to identify personal issues and develop coping skills to eliminate, decrease, or learn how to cope in a healthy way.  By creating scenes or experiences from past, present or future events, it places the body and soul into the learning process, not just the mind.  It is the experience of the knowledge learned in action that is important.

Family Program : The Family Education Program is held every Sunday from 10:00 am to 11:30 am.  Visitors are limited to 3 persons, no one under the age of 12.  Please do not bring food, beverage, cell phones or purses into the building.  Family members will be provided with information pertaining to the disease of addiction and how it affects families in a four week educational model.
A one hour visitation follows the Family Education Program from 11:30 am to 12:30 pm. Family members and friends are asked to leave promptly at 12:30.

Gender Groups: are breakout groups of men and women. Male clients will discuss gender specific topics in a safe and supportive environment with an experienced male Substance Abuse Counselor. Female clients will do the same with an experienced female Substance Abuse Counselor.

Group Counseling: Counselor facilitated group where interaction and feedback is encouraged to increase knowledge, insight, and understanding about themselves, the disease process and most important, the recovery process.

Guided Meditation: while you are in a deeply relaxed state of mind, your subconscious is open to positive suggestions, and your guide will use this time to take you on an inner journey that is designed to improve one or more aspects of your life. You might be taken on a guided journey to unleash your full potential, or you may choose to go on a guided meditation journey simply for the sheer pleasure of experiencing profoundly deep relaxation.

Intake Coordinator: the intake coordinator at PRC will facilitate the initial call for treatment or information regarding treatment. He will answer all questions regarding the PRC program including insurance information and self pay options. The intake coordinator will schedule treatment and facilitate the intake process.

Licensed Clinical Social Worker, LCSW: is an individual trained in psychotherapy and helps individuals deal with a variety of mental health and daily living problems to improve overall functioning. A social worker has a master's degree in social work and has studied sociology, growth and development, mental health theory and practice, human behavior/social environment, psychology, and substance abuse. A LCSW will usually facilitate one or two of the PRC Family Programs.  

Medical Assistants: at PRC aid our Addictionologist in a variety of ways, including dispensing medications two times daily and checking blood pressure. Our medical assistants cannot diagnose or treat any medical conditions other than those associated with detox from alcohol and drugs.

Narcotics Anonymous (NA): A voluntary self help group concerned with the recovery and continued sobriety of the addict who turns to the organization for help. The AA program consists basically of Twelve Steps designed for the personal recovery from drug addiction, and NA is the major proponent of the disease model of addiction.

Rehab: A shortened word for rehabilitation, as used in alcoholic, alcoholism, and drug addiction rehabilitation.

Relapse: A recurrence of symptoms of a disease after a period of improvement; that is, a person in recovery drinks or uses drugs again after a period of abstinence.

Relapse Prevention: Any strategy or activity that helps keep a person in recovery from drinking alcohol or using drugs again. It may include developing new coping responses; changing beliefs and expectations; and changing personal habits, lifestyles, and schedules.

Stabilization: Stabilization is the psycho-social process of assisting a client through their symptoms from their alcohol or drug withdrawal, to a medically stable, fully supported substance-free state. This is usually done with the assistance of medication, though not all individuals require medication for their detoxification process.

Walking Groups: are generally held daily, weather permitting. Walking is great exercise, will improve your health and fitness and start to help you feel great again. The benefits of walking are all for free! When you walk, you reduce your blood pressure and improve your cardiovascular functions.  It also has a positive impact on your weight and age-related illnesses. It helps build muscle strength and endurance and maintains healthier bones and joints as well as reducing stress levels.

Wii Therapy:there are several reasons PRC uses the Wii in treatment. They include,

Balance: Whether the client is standing or sitting, the controllers used to play the Wii console require balance and proper form for the best results. Using a standing frame while playing Wii can promote movement while standing, which research has shown to improve bone mineral density and strengthening.

Hand-eye coordination: Over time, hand-eye coordination improves through the use of video games.  This is especially true of the Wii since the players’ movements are mimicked on the screen.

Entertainment: Treatment becomes more enjoyable when put in the context of a game and its fun.

Competitive spirit: The competitive spirit in clients is awakened. This can be great for increasing social skills as well as self-esteem.

Helps with memory, problem solving, and decision making skills: All of these skills are honed through the use of video games according to studies. Playing sophisticated games helps with short-term, long-term, and muscle memory.  Strategic games require problem solving and decision making skills, all of which help to enhance the experience.

 

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  107 Edgewood Road
  Edgewood, MD 21040


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